25 largest cities in Egypt (26 photos)

15 June 2024
Category: traveling, 0+

Most of Egypt's cities are based on the banks of the Nile or in its delta. The main water artery of the country reaches many other settlements through artificial canals. The capital Cairo is the largest city.

If we take into account neighboring El Giza, the number of inhabitants of the agglomeration will exceed 13.5 million people. Therefore, in the last century, a government program was launched to increase the population outside the capital region. It yielded results: even in the once modest Al-Ashir min Ramadan, the number of residents increased by a third in 15 years.

Egypt is home to one of the world's main attractions - the pyramids. Many tourists combine visiting local antiquities with a good rest on the beaches of Hurghada and other resorts.


The capital of Egypt and the third largest city in Africa. Old Cairo stretches along the eastern bank of the Nile. Modern areas are very different from the haphazard buildings of past centuries. Once on the walls of Salladin's Citadel, you can view the panorama of the city. The Egyptian Museum houses a collection of local art from different eras. Khan al-Khalili Crafts Bazaar is the largest market in the Middle East.

Population – 9,293,612 people (2018).


The main port of the country. Unlike other cities in Egypt, Mediterranean rather than oriental style predominates here. Until now, any construction site in the city turns into excavations with the discovery of antiquities. The most famous surviving ancient monument is Pompey's Column. Not far from it are the catacombs of Kom el-Shukafa - a labyrinth with burial niches, levels, stairs and numerous symbols.

Population – 4,870,000 people (2016).

El Giza

It is located 5 kilometers from Cairo and practically merges with the capital. The first official zoo in Africa was opened here. City parks are designed to green Giza and make staying in it more comfortable in the heat. The most famous vacation spot is Oman Park. In the vicinity of the city are the most famous attractions of Egypt - the pyramids and the Sphinx.

Population – 4,212,750 people (2018).

Shubra al-Kheima

It is part of the Cairo metropolitan area. There is a metro line leading to the capital. The city was originally inhabited by families of workers from nearby factories. Now the specialization of residents is not so pronounced. In addition to industrial enterprises, there are bazaars, shops, clubs, and cafes in Shubra al-Kheim. Great potential for tourism. The Fountain Palace is the main attraction.

Population – 1,187,747 people (2018).

Port Said

The Arabic name is Bur Said. Port at the northern entrance to the Suez Canal. Marine vessels passing nearby make a stop in the city to refuel. There is a free trade zone. A resort has been founded nearby. Initially, the Statue of Liberty, a symbol of New York and the United States, was supposed to be installed in Port Said, but the authorities considered it too expensive to transport it from France.

Population – 760,152 people (2018).


Port at the southern entrance to the Suez Canal. Transit point for Muslims making pilgrimage to Mecca. The city suffered greatly during the military conflict between Israel and Egypt in the middle of the last century. A war memorial commemorates these events. Sights of the area: Ain Sokhna resort, Serbet El Khadim temple, Ain Musa Old Testament springs.

Population – 740,874 people (2018).

El Mansoura

It stands on the eastern bank of the Dumyat River, a tributary of the Nile. Together with the city of Talha, which stretches on the western bank, it forms a metropolis. Al-Mansura is conventionally divided into two large territories. The old city boasts the Shinnawi Palace and the Court of Ibn Luqman. In a more modern area, there is a large university and a library where rare books are collected.

Population – 570,271 people (2018).

El Mahalla El Kubra

It is located in the north of the country in the central part of the Nile Delta. One of the educational centers of Egypt. There are many primary and secondary schools, as well as 5 colleges. The textile industry and commercial sector are the basis of the economy of Al-Mahalla Al-Kubra. The main attraction is the ancient Alt-Mutwalli mosque, which was rebuilt in the 15th century.

Population – 543,271 people (2018).


From here to the capital is less than 100 kilometers. The territory of the district is crossed by canals. Every beginning of spring is accompanied by sand and dust storms. Along the outskirts of Tanta, gardens with citrus trees and date palms are ubiquitous. Every year for a week, the city welcomes Muslim guests from different countries: they come to a holiday in honor of Sufi Ahmad Al-Badawi.

Population – 528,672 people (2018).

El Fayoum

The most ancient city of Egypt is located in the oasis of the same name and is surrounded by the Libyan Desert. A canal was laid from El-Fayoum to the Nile. There are many interesting places in the city and its surroundings: the Soaring Mosque, the ancient necropolis of Hawara, the largest waterfalls in the country - El Rayan, the “Valley of the Whale” - a paleontological monument included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.

Population – 489,377 people (2018).


The ancient name is Lycopolis. Textiles, footwear and carpet production are the basis of the city's economy. At the beginning of the last century, Egypt's first shelter was opened here. Excursions to oases start from Asyut, of which there are quite a few nearby. Sights: Mayzub Dam, religious institute, Alkasan Pasha Palace, remains of the southern settlement of Deir Mukalla.

Population – 480,516 people (2018).


One of the main resorts in Egypt is located on the Red Sea coast. The best hotels are concentrated in the Sakkala area. For shopping, you should go to the El Dahar area. Water parks, diving, boat and bus excursions, surfing - any type of recreation is available in Hurghada. The city has both modern attractions, such as the aquarium, and more traditional oriental ones, such as the Abdulhasan Elshazy Mosque.

Population – 400,901 people (2018).


Located on the shore of Lake Timsah. In the vicinity of Ismailia, construction of the world's longest swing bridge was completed in 2001. The city museum invites visitors to view a collection of archaeological finds collected in Upper Egypt. French architecture is common in the city. One of the most striking examples is the Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary.

Population – 397,446 people (2018).


The center of the cotton industry is located 76 kilometers from the capital. The main museum of Ez-Zakazik is named after the commander Arabi Pasha. Several notable ruins can be found in the suburbs. Among them are the ruins of Bubastis, the capital of the 13th nome of Ancient Egypt, as well as the remains of a temple built during the reign of Piopi I. Nearby are catacombs that became a cemetery for sacred cats.

Population – 396,852 people (2018).


The translation of the name is “city named after October 6th”. Named in honor of the successful actions of the Egyptian army during the conflict with the Israelis in 1973. The Confederation of African Football is based in Medina-Sittat-October. The city is part of Greater Cairo and is separated from the capital by only 22 kilometers. The largest information complex in the country is located here.

Population – 355,616 people (2018).


The southernmost Egyptian city. To explore the sights on the islands and on the left bank of the Nile, it is best to rent a boat with a sail - a felucca. Notable places: Aga Khan mausoleum, granite quarries, hotel where Agatha Christie wrote her novel “Death on the Nile”. Thanks to exotic plants and flowers, Aswan is like an open-air botanical garden.

Population – 337,472 people (2018).


Port on the Mediterranean coast. The city is connected to the Nile by a canal. New Dumyat is being built on the western outskirts. The region is famous for its confectionery products, and primarily oriental sweets. Defensive structures, once used for their intended purpose during numerous wars, have now been converted into tourist sites.

Population – 289,833 people (2018).


Located in the north of the country. In the past, the city was the capital of the 7th nome of Ancient Egypt. Now it has been turned into an industrial center. Cotton and rice are actively traded here. Thanks to the transport interchange, goods are delivered to different regions. Sights: At-Tuba and Al-Habashi mosques, municipal library building, opera. The best souvenirs from Damanhur are dates and carpets.

Population – 278,413 people (2018).

El Minya

Occupies part of the western coast of the Nile. Almost all streets intersect at right angles. In some areas, mansions built by Italian architects have been preserved, but their condition is deplorable. The Monastery of the Blessed Virgin Mary was founded 20 kilometers from El Minya. In recent years, two large necropolises containing mummies and jewelry have been excavated in the vicinity of the city.

Population – 254,523 people (2018).


In the past it was called Thebes and was the capital of Ancient Egypt. On the right bank of the Nile there is the “city of the living” - a residential area where, among other things, hotels are concentrated. On the left bank lies the “city of the dead” - an area that became famous thanks to burials. Luxor attracts hundreds of thousands of tourists a year. Ancient temples, mosques, embankment, bazaars, Fruit Island, excavation sites - there are several dozen remarkable objects in the area.

Population – 250,704 people (2018).

Shibin el Kom

Although the province to which the city belongs has an agricultural focus, Shibin el-Kom itself relies more on trade and industry. The infrastructure continues to be modernized. President Hosni Mubarak, who was in power for 30 years, was born in the suburbs. The most famous museum in the area is called Denshuey and also serves as a cultural center.

Population – 249,611 people (2018).


It extends in the middle reaches of the Nile. An important transport hub with a railway station, river port and airport. The latter building was opened in 2000, and it was built in the style of ancient Egyptian buildings. There are two monasteries in the suburb: Red and White. The first was named after the color of the brick its walls were made of and is well preserved, the second is almost destroyed.

Population – 248,174 people (2018).

Beni Sueif

An agricultural center that received impetus for development in the first half of the last century. The city also produces carpets and processes cotton. Beni Suef is famous for its alabaster. There are interesting objects in the vicinity: the Meidum pyramid of Sneferu, which first had 7 steps, and then the 8th was added, and the monastery of St. Anthony.

Population – 246,395 people (2018).


The center of the province of the same name in the Nile River Valley. The city has been known since the Roman conquests. From then to the present day, pottery has been developing here. The Dandara district, which gradually separated into a separate settlement, is a concentration of attractions in the area. Among them, the temple of the goddess Isis stands out. It is famous for its celestial map, which is over 3,500 years old.

Population – 241,422 people (2018).

Al Ashir min Ramadan

One of the most modern cities in Egypt is located in the eastern part of the Nile Delta. From here to Cairo it is about 60 kilometers. The establishment of Al Ashir min Ramadan in 1970 was part of a program to create jobs in the country. Sightseeing tours most often include trips to other localities, since there are few attractions in the city.

Population – 226,953 people (2018).

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